When I first learned yoga, I learned the primary series of Ashtanga yoga poses, which is a set series of yoga poses. After studying with Andrey Lappa I began to explore a less rigid (but still balanced) format for doing yoga.
While standing (you could be doing mountain pose), you can work on:
This can then be a preparation for arm supported yoga poses which can be used to strengthen arms and shoulders.
If you have tight hamstrings it might be helpful to start with standing poses such as these standing stretches for tight hamstrings. Standing hamstring stretches are generally easier than seated hamstring stretches. When working on your hamstrings, whether to strengthen them, stretch them or both it can be helpful to understand how the hamstrings and glutes work together.
(If you can't touch the floor with your hands while doing a standing forward bend, you can always use a chair or yoga blocks! Likewise with half moon pose.)
Options for strengthening the hamstrings include poses like:
Note, while forward bends are generally considered as hamstring stretches, it is possible to do forward bends for the spine and hips without involving the hamstrings. Some forward bends for the spine (and hips) could be considered as poses for strengthening the abs
Standing poses are a great way for developing stability and also for improving balance, particularly when Balancing on One Foot. They can also be an easy and safe way to learn principles of balance (like feeling your center) that can then be applied to:
Standing poses are also very dependent on the feet and so you may find it helpful to learn some basic foot exercises that you can do while standing.
One option is to start on the floor with seated yoga poses like:
(Table top bends the hips backwards while in Boat pose the hips are bent forwards.)
Another way to warm up for yoga is bend the spine forwards and backwards while sitting with legs crossed.
If you have trouble kneeling, you could try warming up with kneeling or semi-kneeling yoga poses. You may find that stretching the toes and ankles makes it easier to get more comfortable while kneeling.
Kneeling type postures can also be used to practice balance.
From kneeling postures it is easy to move into Cat Pose and use it for working on the wrists, hands and shoulders. From cat pose you can lift the knees and do Dog Pose as a way to prepare for Plank Pose.
Other arm supported yoga poses include:
Note that most of these arm supported yoga poses are with the hands either in front of the body, or equivalently, over head (downward dog and dolphin).
You could sequence poses to focus on one part of the body. Or you could sequence poses so that you rest a part that is tired by focusing on another part of the body.
It's difficult to learn when tired.
So if you've done a lot of bent knee standing poses like:
and you need a rest, then use a straight leg position like:
If you want to rest from standing poses in general, you could go to the floor for seated yoga poses.
Or you could help your legs rest a little by doing a low lunge with your hands on the floor to help you support your body. You could then stretch your Hip Extensors.
You could also use low lunge to strengthen your shoulders and arms, for example by bending your arms push-up style to sink your chest.
A fun variation of low lunge is this glute stretch. It really stretches the side of the hip quite strongly.
While seated it is easy to do poses that work on the outer hips and glutes as in these glute stretches..
Prone yoga poses like:
are can be used for spinal back bends. You could think of them as a back bending yoga pose.
Belly up yoga pose include:
Where bridge and wheel pose are both back bends for the spine, dead dog reach is a forward bend. And so the latter pose can be used as a counterpose for the former two as well as a strengthening yoga pose for the abs.
Side bends and twists for the spine have already been included in the context of standing and sitting poses, however you might choose to do a yoga practice based on side bending yoga poses or twisting yoga poses.
You could also do a practice based on stretching the shoulders and arms. When using the arms, some basic arm positions to consider include arms up, arms forwards, arms to the side, arm across the chest and arms back. arm stretches for these positions include puppy dog, lapasana, half dragonfly and rack pose.
One tool that can be handy for guiding the way you stretch (and strengthen) your body is the Chinese Meridian system.
The meridians can be followed throughout the body in a complete circuit. Thus you can work the body fairly completely and smoothly just by stretching the meridians in turn.
Yoga poses are an opportunity for you to get to know your body. The shape of any pose is just the starting point for improving health, strength, balance, flexibility and coordination. It's a context for learning to sense and control your body, to experience it.
Sensational Yoga Ebooks and videos are designed to make learning your body an easier (and perhaps even enjoyable) experience.