Chair Yoga Pose (Utkatasana or "Fierce Pose") is like doing a half squat.
As you move your hips back bend your knees and tilt your pelvis and ribcage forwards. So that you can keep your heels on the floor as you bend your knees, move your pelvis and knees back relative to your feet.
Work at keeping the pressure even on the fronts of your feet and your heels so that you stay balanced in this yoga pose.
To make lifting your arms easier, reach your shoulders forwards first. This activates the serratus anterior muscle. Then reach your arms forwards and up while keeping your shoulder blades spread. Start of with your hands shoulder width and try squeezing them towards each other each time you inhale. If you can get them together easily then keep them together.
While trying to bring your arms together focus on reaching them upwards. To make this easier, reach your shoulders upwards while keeping your shoulder blades spread. This action uses the trapezius muscle.
So that it is easier to feel your knees practice moving in and out of chair yoga pose slowly and smoothly. An advantage of moving slowly is that you can stop easily if you do notice pain. You can then make adjustments to the way that you do the pose.
To protect your knees in utkatasana the most important thing you can do is focus on feeling your knees. If you focus on feeling your knees you can change the way that you do utkatasana if you notice sharp pain or discomfort in your knee joints.
One of the simplest things that you can do to protect your knees is to keep them pointing in the same direction as your toes. To do this you have to be aware both of your feet and your knees.
You can fine tune this relationship by pointing your knees either at your second toe or third toe.
I often do and teach chair yoga pose by reaching the hips back so that both the hips and knees move backwards. The idea of this was to prevent the knees from going to far forwards. However I later found that on occasion when I had knee pain the solution was to move my hips and knees forwards.
This is why it is important that you focus on feeling your knees (and the rest of your body.) If you feel pain you can make adjustments to make your knees alleviate the pain now.
In the section below I talk about adjusting the position of the spine. This too can have an affect on the knees and knee pain. To adjust the "shape" of your spine try curving it backwards or forwards or try straightening it. You may find that this sometimes helps.
Getting into more detailed solutions, one that I am currently working with is activating the sides of the thighs and hips. The muscles activated can include the vastus lateralis (side of the thighs), gluteus minimus, gluteus medius and tensor fascae latae (side of the hips).
To activate these muscles focus on creating a squeezing sensation at the side of the thighs and hips. Then try to vary and move the squeezing sensation, noticing any affects on your knees.
While doing this action, keep your knees pointing in the same direction as your toes. Your inner thigh muscles (adductors) will then more than likely automatically activate to counter act the action of your outer thigh and hip muscles activating.
You can also experiment with moving or expanding the "squeezing" sensation to include the back of the thighs. For myself I find that I can create a "squeeze" just above the backs of the knees. However this may depend on the amount of knee bend that you have.
That may also be another solution to knee pain, change the amount of bend in your knees. The ideal is to have a complete range of motion in your knees, however if you have pain, then slowly work at extending your range of motion. Stay the pain-free side of your range of motion and see if you can slowly work at expanding your range of motion.
One final point is to be aware of your feet. Activate them when doing chair yoga pose. Press down through the root of the big toe, the point at the front of the foot just before the big toe. Lift the center of your inner arch also. (Though this may already be lifted if your knees are pointing in the same direction as your toes.) You can also try pressing down through the front of the foot just behind the little toe.
If you are activating the sides of your thighs you may find that when you also activate your feet your feet feel very strong and stable.
Three options for your spine include straightening it, bending it backwards or bending it forwards.
Bending it backwards you can engage your spinal erectors. However if you tilt your pelvis backwards a little you and focus on straightening your lumbar spine (make your lower back "feel full") you may get a feeling of "openness" in the lower back/kidney area that feels really nice.
If you are going to use your spinal erectors to bend your spine backwards, see if you can also use them to "flick" your tailbone backwards. You may feel a "pull" at the back of your sacrum as you do this.
After pulling your tailbone back you can then activate your pubococygeus and try pulling it forwards towards your pubic bone while keeping your spinal erectors active. While doing this you may feel some of your deeper hip muscles activating (maybe piriformins, obturator internus, gemellus superior and inferior and quadratus femoris.)
One of the challenges of chair yoga pose is to lift up even though you are sinking down. Focus on lifting your ribs and arms (and head) away from your pelvis.
You can practice moving your ribs away from your pelvis while standing. Work at keeping the same feeling as you bend your knees and sink your hips down. Reach your ribs and arms away from your pelvis as you sink your pelvis down.
You can turn this into a breathing vinyasa by lengthening your upper body as you inhale and relaxing while you exhale. Focus on moving your ribs, shoulders and arms up while you inhale and then on relaxing slightly while you exhale. You can also focus on lengthening your neck and on opening the top of your chest while you inhale.
For extra stability and to build up leg strength while doing chair yoga pose, pull your knees back towards your pelvis and push your sitting bones forwards at the same time. The feeling is that of trying to squash your thigh bones.
You'll feel your quads (front of the thighs) and gluteus maximus (back of the thighs) activating at the same time. See if you can gradually increase the squeeze and gradually reduce it in time with your breath.
Inspired by Thomas Myers Anatomy Trains, sequenced muscle activation provides a framework for anchoring muscle trains for maximum effect with minimum effort.
I get pain in my left hip in standing forward bends and even squats. Here are some of the exercises that I've used to make my hip feel better.
I've added part 2 to the description of this routine. Parts 3 and 4 to come (the videos are already on youtube.
This routine, with accompanying videos, includes knee strengthening exercises as well as exercises for basic strengthening, improving stability and balance. It also helps you to improve body awareness.
My latest video, some tips for getting comfortable in the deep squat. And suggestions for shifting weight to one leg while in a deep squat.
The seated get up is a way of getting into the one legged squat from a seated position. Even if you aren't interested in one leg squats this video does include tips on stabilizing the knees (at about the 5 minute mark.) Usual muscle activations for knee stability might include the quads, the hamstrings or any of the glutes. This looks at another set of muscles all together. If you like the video or find it helpful, please do share it! Thanks!
Some tips for learning how to do deep squats (without weight). The first tip is on how to stay balanced while squatting.
How do you learn the body weight safely? How do you work towards this pose even if you aren't sure if you are capable of doing it.
Basic yoga poses: standing, sitting, arm balances, binds, twists, inversions, back bending, front bends.
Scapular stabilization becomes a little bit harder when working agains the weight of the body. It can be easier to learn if you gradually increase the amount of body weight the scapular stabilizer muscles are working againsts..
Some hip flexor strengthening exercises.
These yoga poses can be used as arm strengthening exercises.
Turn yoga poses into leg strengthening exercises using floor pressing actions, leverage and friction.
One way of finding and fixing hip problems is to do standing hip strengthening exercises while balancing on one leg.
Knee anatomy for yoga teachers looks at the bones and muscles that comprise the back of the knee in simple terms.
Working towards a kneeling quadriceps stretch you first need to be able to kneel. If you have difficulty kneeling, you may find it helps to activate your quadriceps.
Some exercises and yoga poses for working towards a lying quadriceps stretch one leg at a time.
When doing quadriceps stretching it may help to activate and then relax your quadriceps in these standing, lunging, pigeon and supine yoga pose variations.
What are the benefits of the Dance of Shiva? Arm strength and balance, learning to learn and improving creativity.
This yoga routine video is designed to help you strengthen your arms and legs via the use of friction and pressure. It also teaches you how to become more aware of your body.