Tree Pose,
Expanding Upwards and Outwards

tree pose

If you have difficulty with balancing in tree pose, you can try shifting your weight forwards so that your toes press down into the floor. You can then use your toes to help you balance.

Prior to leaning forward, you may have to activate your foot so that the bones of your foot and ankle support each other.

Once you have stabilized your ankle you may then find it easier to use your toes to help you balance.

Getting Into Tree

In Tree Pose (Vrksasana) you stand on one foot with the other foot resting high up on the inner thigh of your standing leg.

So that you open the hip of your lifted leg, press your foot into your inner thigh. Activate your foot and press the inner thigh with both your heel and forefoot. You'll probably notice that your knee moves further back as a result. You may also notice that your hip joint seems to "open."

Positioning Your Foot

Use your hand to pull your lifted leg into position. If you can't keep your foot in place then use your hand to help keep it in place. If you have to bend forwards to do this, try using a strap or long towel to extend your reach. (Wrap the towel around your ankle and hold the towel in such a way that you can stand upright. A face towel or flannel probably won't cut it.)


Use Your Toes To Balance

Drill Your Leg Into the Ground

So that your tree grows upwards and roots down at the same time press your standing leg into the floor.

The feeling is like you are trying to drill your leg downwards. You'll may be able to feel the bones of thigh and lower leg in one straight line pressing downwards.

As you drill you leg downwards may feel like your pelvis then presses upwards.

Reach Up, Away From Your Pelvis

To expand the rest of your body upwards in tree pose, reach your ribs up away from your pelvis and your head up away from your ribcage. Lengthen your spinal column upwards.

At the same time spread your shoulderblades (move your shoulders forwards) and reach your arms forwards and then up towards the sky.

tree pose, arms up but relaxedtree pose, arms up and reachingtree pose, arms up, palms together

Arms Up and Relaxed, Then Up and Reaching up, then arms up and palms together.

So that your pose breathes, reach up as you inhale and then relax as you exhale.

Start with your hands apart and then work at touching them together while keeping your elbows straight. This may be easier to do if you focus on moving your shoulder blades forwards, towards the front of your chest. You can move your shoulder sockets up (towards your ears) but at the same time pull down on the inner edges of your shoulder blades.

Difficulty Balancing in Tree Pose? Activate Your Feet

If you have week feet or ankles, or have difficulty controlling them, you can practice activating your feet while standing on both feet.

(For more details on activating your feet, check out the "Balancing on one foot" section)

From there, you can try pressing the inner thigh of your standing leg backwards while keeping your knee pointing straight ahead. You may find that this action helps to make your standing leg more stable.

Do this while pressing foot into your inner thigh. (And press with the front of the foot and the heel.)

You can also work on resisting the foor pressure with the inner thigh of your standing leg. So as you press your foot into your inner thigh, press your inner thigh against your foot.

One Side Is Better than the Other!

If you find that it is easier to do tree pose on one side versus the other, you can try some of the preparation positions included here.

Practice Keeping Your Spine Vertical

With your foot active, your next challenge may be that of keeping your spine vertical. By that I mean that your ribcage and head are both stacked on top of your pelvis.You may find that it is to do this if you watch yourself in a mirror.

To make (or keep) your spine vertical, move both your pelvis and your ribcage (and head) over the foot you are going to balance on. If you are balancing on your right foot then move the center of your pelvis and ribcage over your right foot.

Practice moving from one foot to the other while watching yourself in the mirror. Is your spine upright? If not what changes do you need to make so that it is upright?

Another way to practice keeping your spine vertical while balancing on one foot is to stand sideways next to a wall with your arm down by your side. Stand close enough that you can get your weight onto the foot closest to the wall and touch your shoulder to the wall at the same time.

Keeping your arm by your side practice moving your ribcage and pelvis together so that your shoulder, elbow and hand touch the wall and the same time.

Weight Shifting from Front to Back

So that you can get used to controlling your center while in tree pose, you can practice shifting your weight forwards and backwards while balancing on both feet.

With your feet active, move your body forwards so that all of your weight is evenly on the fronts of your feet. In this position the fronts of your feet and toes should press down with equal pressure.

  • Balance here and keep your weight in the same place.
  • Your heels should be able to easily lift off of the floor.

Now shift your weight so that it is over your heels. Allow the fronts of your feet to lift.

See how long you can balance in either position.

Use Your Toes to Help You Balance

You probably noticed that it was easier to balance with your weight over the fronts of your feet. That's because you could use your toes to help control your balance. Ideally you'll learn to balance easily on the fronts of your feet and on your heels but for now, you can practice balancing on one foot with your weight forwards. Use your toes to help you balance!

Your weight doesn't have to be all the way forwards, just forwards enough that your toes naturally press the floor. So, with both feet on the ground and your weight centered between them shift your weight forwards enough that your toes press into the floor. Remember to activate your feet first!

Now shift your weight onto your right foot. Feel the inner and outer edges of your right foot pressing down with equal pressure. Lift your left foot and balance.

Try the same thing on the other foot.

Switch back to your original foot and place your lifted foot against your inner thigh in tree pose. If you need to use your hand to help. Press your inner thigh with your heel and with your forefoot. Feel your knee reaching to the side and your hip joint opening.

If you can't get your foot up to your inner thigh then place it lower on your leg. Gradually work at lifting it higher.

Keep your center of gravity over your standing foot.

Stay aware of your standing foot and lengthen your tree pose upwards.

Smoothly and gradually lift your ribs up and away from your pelvis. Move your shoulders forwards so that your shoulder blades spread. Then reach your arms forwards and up so that your shoulder blades stay spread. Touch your hands together.

As an option you can also place your hands in front of your heart.

Can you do this with your eyes closed?

Variations of Tree Pose

To make tree pose more interesting, or more of a challenge you can try bending to one side or the other side. You can also try twisting your ribcage. And you can try side bending and twisting your ribcage at the same time.

tree pose with a side bendtree pose with a side bendtree pose with a twisttree pose with a twisttree pose with a side bend and a twist
Vrksasana while bending to either side (1 and 2) and while twisting (3 and 4) and while twisting and bending (5).

To do tree pose while bending to one side, you can bend first to the side of your lifted leg. So that you stay balanced in tree pose, if your hips move left then your ribcage head and arms will have to move to the right.

As you bend to the side stay aware of your foot and use it to tell you when your weight is shifting away from center. Correct it if it does.

You may find that bending to the lifted leg side is easier because this actually helps you to press your foot into your thigh. Try bending away from the lifted leg also.

To do tree pose while twisting you can turn and twist your ribcage either towards your lifted knee or away from it.

Focus on turning your ribs relative to your pelvis and also focus on twisting your thoracic spine.

Because you are standing on only one foot it can be a little bit more difficult to keep your pelvis square to the front while twisting.

Feel each vertebrae turning relative to the one below it.

You can also combine a twist with a side bend in yoga tree pose. While bending you can turn your ribcage so that your chest faces upwards or so that it faces downwards. As before, you can bend towards your lifted knee or away from it.

Return to Home Page from Tree Pose

Return to Balancing on One Foot from Tree Pose

Return to Top,




What's New?

Active Stretching

Use muscle power to drive your stretches. Improve strength and flexibility. Use this link to get it for $2.00. (First 100 visitors only.)

Continue reading "Active Stretching"

The Importance of Both Thoracic Stability and Scapular Stability in Yoga

Here's a quick look at why scapular stability and thoracic stability are important. They allow you to do certain types of yoga poses with greater ease.

Continue reading "The Importance of Both Thoracic Stability and Scapular Stability in Yoga"

Scapular Stability (video)

Here's my latest video on scapular stability.

Continue reading "Scapular Stability (video)"

Ankle Stretches

Some ankle stretches to make it easier to kneel and also to stretch the backs of the ankles. Learn actions you can do to make these poses more comfortable and more effective.

Continue reading "Ankle Stretches"

Yoga Kneeling Poses

What can you do while kneeling? How many kneeling yoga posture variations are there?

Continue reading "Yoga Kneeling Poses"

Sometimes a Knee Injury Can Be a Good Thing

I can't say that I was happy to have injured my knee recently. After all, I'm a yoga teacher and it's part of my job to be able to show my students what I'm trying to get them to do. And that's when I discovered that perhaps it wasn't such a bad thing after all.

Continue reading "Sometimes a Knee Injury Can Be a Good Thing"

Yoga for Bikers (Motorcyclists

My latest ebook is designed especially for motorcyclists. The exercises in this book are designed to improve body awareness so that you can control your bike with greater confidence, particularly in the corners.

Continue reading "Yoga for Bikers (Motorcyclists"

Adjusting Yoga Plank Pose by Feel (video link)

Here's my latest video on plank pose (with elbows straight) with a focus on feeling the mid section (to remove excess lumbar lordosis) and on feeling and controlling the shoulder blades (for scapular stability.)

Continue reading "Adjusting Yoga Plank Pose by Feel (video link)"

Ribcage Awareness and Posture

Some basic exercises for feeling the ribcage and controlling it and then adjusting it for a balance between openness and relaxation.

Continue reading "Ribcage Awareness and Posture"

Sensational Breathing

Has anyone ever told you that you can use your spinal erectors to help you breath?

Continue reading "Sensational Breathing"

Foot Awareness (Even if you Don't Have Flat Feet)

This set of exercises initially developed because I had collapsed arches. But even if you don't have collapsed arches they can be helpful for improving foot awareness.

Continue reading "Foot Awareness (Even if you Don't Have Flat Feet)"

Exercises For Flat Feet (Video)

Exercises for collapsed arches. I actually have collapsed arches and I learned how to hide them so that I could join the army. I often use these foot exercises as a prelude to balancing on the fronts of the feet or balancing on one foot.

Continue reading "Exercises For Flat Feet (Video)"

Should You Squat if you Have Flat Feet (video)?

I was asked, recently, if it was safe to squat if you have flat feet. Here's my answer. (this is also included in the tail end of the "heel stacking" video.)

Continue reading "Should You Squat if you Have Flat Feet (video)?"

More Exercises for Flat Feet (Video)

In this next set of exercises for flat feet the focus is on the heel bones and how to stack them.

Continue reading "More Exercises for Flat Feet (Video)"

Yoga Basics Book Bundle

This book bundle includes my 5 yoga basics ebooks for $52.00. (After clicking the "Buy the Bundle Now" button you can use the sliders to reduce the price to $52.00.)

Continue reading "Yoga Basics Book Bundle"


Centration can simply taken to mean centered. And rather than looking for maximal surface contact, a more sensible definition is balanced tension.

Continue reading "Centration"

Yoga Balance Poses

Stay balanced in yoga balance poses, keep your center of gravity over your foundation. Learn how your center shifts relative to your body.

Continue reading "Yoga Balance Poses"

Knee Joint Stability

The single joint muscles at the back of the knee joint are relatively small compared to those at the front of the knee. For knee joint stability, activate the hamstrings as well as the three vastus muscles.

Continue reading "Knee Joint Stability"

Improving Balance

Key to improving balance and proprioception is the conscious control of tension. Tension can be used for both feedback and stability making it easier to stay balanced.

Continue reading "Improving Balance"

Sacroiliac Joint Stability Exercises

The following sacroiliac joint stability exercises can be used to shape the pelvis. They may also be helpful in forward bending and backbending at the hip.

Continue reading "Sacroiliac Joint Stability Exercises"