Diaphragmatic Breathing,
Breathing with your Diaphragm and Transverse Abdominus

In diaphragmatic breathing you use your diaphragm to expand your lungs and press your belly outwards. This causes an inhale. You then can use your transverse abdominus to contract your belly and pull it inwards. This presses the abdominal organs upwards against the bottom of the lungs reducing their volume and causing an exhale.

The diaphragm is an umbrella or parachute shaped muscle that lies between the bottom of your lungs and heart and top of your liver, stomach, spleen and kidneys. When contracted it presses downwards causing the belly to expand if the abdominals are relaxed.

The transverse abdominus forms the innermost layer of abdominal muscle. Its fibers run horizontally around the waist between the bottom of the ribcage and the top of the pelvis. When contracted this muscle shrinks the waist and can be used to push the diaphragm upwards, reducing the volume of the lungs.

To practice diaphragmatic breathing, sit in a slumped position so that your abdominals are relaxed. The idea of slumping is to make it easier to use your diaphragm.

Contracting and Relaxing your Transverse Abdominus

To begin diaphragmatic breathing, focus on smoothly pulling your belly inwards, towards your spine. Exhale as you do so. Smoothly relax your belly and inhale as you do.

Once you get used to this action, focus on feeling your belly as you pull it inwards and as you relax it. Try to feel the entire circumference of your entire waist contracting and relaxing and make this action as smooth as possible.

The Diaphragm

If you keep your ribcage still, when you contract your diaphragm it presses downwards. This causes your liver and stomach to press down. Meanwhile the rest of the abdominal organs compress and push the front of the belly forwards. Hence your belly expands when you inhale.

You can practice activating your diaphragm by trying to make yourself look pregnant. See if you can gradually make yourself look more and more pregnant while inhaling. Pull your belly inwards while exhaling.

If you put your awareness in the region of the bottom of your lungs you may notice a pressing down feeling as you inhale. That is your diaphragm activating. Once you can feel your diaphragm, see if you can press the entire surface of your diaphragm downwards while inhaling. Gradually relax the entire surface of your diaphragm while you exhale.

Dual Focus

Now practice focusing on your diaphragm while you inhale and your transverse abdominus while you exhale. In each case, operate each muscle smoothly and completely. Practice moving your awareness from one to the other smoothly also. At the peak of your inhale move your awareness to contracting your transverse abdominus. At the peak of your exhale move your awareness to contracting your diaphragm.

Diaphragmatic Breathing with your Ribcage Lifted

Once you are comfortable with diaphragmatic breathing with your ribcage relaxed and sunken down, practice it with your ribcage slightly lifted. You may find this slightly more difficult becuase you add tension to your belly the more you lift your ribcage away from your pelvis.

Spend a minute or so practicing diaphragmatic breathing with your ribcage slightly lifted and then lift it higher yet. You'll have to work harder to push your belly out and also to pull it in. The advantage is that you'll be exercising your diaphragm and helping to stretch your abdominal muscles.

Work towards breathing diaphragmatically with your spine straight.

Diaphragmatic Breathing While Bending Your Spine

For the next exercise you can practice straightening your spine as you inhale. At the same time push your belly out. Then as you exhale let your ribcage sink down. You may get the feeling that as you inhale your diaphragm is actually helping to push your ribcage up. Then as you exhale you may get the feeling that the sinking action of your ribcage helps to press the diaphragm back up into your ribcage.

Engaging Your Diaphragm and Abs Together

In the next exercise you can focus on pressing your diaphragm down but instead of allowing your belly to bulge out, engage your abs to pull your belly in slightly. You can then use your diaphragm and abdominals together to help cause your ribcage to lift. Relax both on the exhale so that the weight of your ribcage sinking down causes you to exhale.

Engaging Your Lower Abs

One final variation that you can practice is similar to the previous breathing exercise however, this time you focus on keeping your lower belly pulled in. As you inhale, push your diaphragm down and allow your upper belly to expand. Your ribcage will still lift slightly as you inhale.

You can practice keeping your lower belly pulled in while inhaling and exhaling. You can also focus on relaxing your lower belly while exhaling and pulling it in at the beginning of each inhale.

Diaphragmatic Breathing Uses the Diaphragm

Any method of breathing that uses the diaphragm can be called "diaphragmatic breathing." How do you know if you are using your diaphragm? If you can feel it contracting and relaxing.

So that you can learn to use your diaphragm whenever you like, practice feeling your diaphragm contracting when you press it downwards. To deepen your awareness you can focus on feeling your entire diaphragm when it is active. The diaphragm has three parts, you can imagine all three parts pressing downwards whenever you inhale. Another way of "feeling" or "sensing" your diaphragm is to visualize the bottom of your lungs and heart. Feel the bottom of each of these organs being pulled down when you inhale. Relax slowly while you exhale.

The more you focus on feeling your diaphragm the more likely you will be to feel calmer as a result.

Return to Home Page

Return to Having a Hard Time Breathing from Diaphragmatic Breathing


The Yoga Basics Bundle

$77.75 $52.00

Buy Now

Beginners Yoga Package 2

$50.00 $42.00

Buy Now

Beginners Yoga Package 1

$32.00 $28.00

Buy Now

Shiva, Shoulders, Muscle Control and Active Stretching

$68.00 $48.00

Buy Now

Shiva and Shoulders

$36.00 $24.00

Buy Now

Body Awareness

Pain and other Problems

Beginners, Basics and Specialized Practices

What's New?

Sensational Yoga Poses

Much of how I do and teach yoga poses is based on my experience fixing guns in the army, engineering, practicing Chinese Calligraphy and my experience of anatomy.

Continue reading "Sensational Yoga Poses"

Stability in Yoga Poses

Make your yoga poses less wobbly with less effort. Grounding and centering are two techniques for creating stability in yoga poses.

Continue reading "Stability in Yoga Poses"

Video: Upward Facing Dog

Some exercises for upward facing dog including: How to activate (and feel) the back of the body and legs, pulling the shoulders downwards (or ribcage upwards) using either lats or pec minor

Continue reading "Video: Upward Facing Dog"

Bound Lotus Yoga Pose

Work towards Half Bound Lotus Yoga Pose with exercises for closing the knee, stretching the hip rotators, practicing external rotation of the shin and activating and shaping the foot and ankle.

Continue reading "Bound Lotus Yoga Pose"

Yoga Crow Pose Arm Balance

Some simple exercises to help you prepare for and balance in yoga crow pose arm balance and some suggestions for advanced movements like jumping from bakasana into chaturanga dandasana.

Continue reading "Yoga Crow Pose Arm Balance"

Half Moon Yoga Pose

Learn how to use your foot and leg to stay stable while balancing on one foot and one hand in half moon yoga pose.

Continue reading "Half Moon Yoga Pose"

Chair Yoga Pose

Do you experience knee pain while doing chair yoga pose? Here are some suggestions to alleviate knee pain. You can also use chair pose as an excuse to practice squatting.

Continue reading "Chair Yoga Pose"

Muscle Anatomy for Yoga

Improve your kinaesthetic awareness. Understanding some basic muscle anatomy for yoga, learn where to direct your senses and how to better control your muscles.

Continue reading "Muscle Anatomy for Yoga"

Hamstring Anatomy for Yoga

Hamstring Anatomy for yoga practitioners, focusing on backbending and forward bending of the hips with knees bent and straight.

Continue reading "Hamstring Anatomy for Yoga"

Yoga Hamstring Stretches

A selection of standing and seated yoga hamstring stretches, both gravity assisted and muscle assisted for improving hamstring flexibility. Sensational Yoga Poses.

Continue reading "Yoga Hamstring Stretches"

Yoga Hip Stretches

Yoga Hip stretches for improved hip and leg flexibility.

Continue reading "Yoga Hip Stretches"

Yoga Tree Pose

One of the challenges of yoga tree pose is staying balanced. Another challeng is that one side may be easier than the other.

Continue reading "Yoga Tree Pose"

Hamstring Yoga

Learn how the hamstrings can bend the knees and hips and stabilize them in hamstring yoga on sensational yoga poses.

Continue reading "Hamstring Yoga"

Side Plank Step-by-Step

Some simple steps for working towards side plank so that you can balance more easily and do it with a stabilized shoulder.

Continue reading "Side Plank Step-by-Step"

Shoulder Yoga

Shoulder yoga improves shoulder flexiblity and strength by focusing on shoulder and ribcage awareness while stretching or exercising the shoulders

Continue reading "Shoulder Yoga"

Rotator Cuff Exercises

These rotator cuff exercises can be done while standing or sitting and can be used as part of a warm up for a yoga class or any other activity where the arms are used.

Continue reading "Rotator Cuff Exercises"

Cobra Pose

To work towards cobra pose I use a series of poses to teach my students how to feel and activate their spinal erectors, intercostals, glute max and hamstrings.

Continue reading "Cobra Pose"

Wheel Pose for Beginners (video)

Here's a look at wheel pose and how you can make it easier to get your head off of the floor.

Continue reading "Wheel Pose for Beginners (video)"

Latest Headstand Videos

Some basic headstand preparation exercises plus tips on how to roll out of headstand and how to avoid a collapsed back when lifting your legs in headstand.

Continue reading "Latest Headstand Videos"

SI Joint Stability Exercises

The SI Joint could allow the sides of the pelvis to act somewhat like the shoulder blades. What are the muscles that then "shape the pelvis" and or stabilize it?

Continue reading "SI Joint Stability Exercises"

What's New?

Sensational Yoga Poses

Much of how I do and teach yoga poses is based on my experience fixing guns in the army, engineering, practicing Chinese Calligraphy and my experience of anatomy.

Continue reading "Sensational Yoga Poses"

Stability in Yoga Poses

Make your yoga poses less wobbly with less effort. Grounding and centering are two techniques for creating stability in yoga poses.

Continue reading "Stability in Yoga Poses"

Video: Upward Facing Dog

Some exercises for upward facing dog including: How to activate (and feel) the back of the body and legs, pulling the shoulders downwards (or ribcage upwards) using either lats or pec minor

Continue reading "Video: Upward Facing Dog"

Bound Lotus Yoga Pose

Work towards Half Bound Lotus Yoga Pose with exercises for closing the knee, stretching the hip rotators, practicing external rotation of the shin and activating and shaping the foot and ankle.

Continue reading "Bound Lotus Yoga Pose"

Yoga Crow Pose Arm Balance

Some simple exercises to help you prepare for and balance in yoga crow pose arm balance and some suggestions for advanced movements like jumping from bakasana into chaturanga dandasana.

Continue reading "Yoga Crow Pose Arm Balance"

Half Moon Yoga Pose

Learn how to use your foot and leg to stay stable while balancing on one foot and one hand in half moon yoga pose.

Continue reading "Half Moon Yoga Pose"

Chair Yoga Pose

Do you experience knee pain while doing chair yoga pose? Here are some suggestions to alleviate knee pain. You can also use chair pose as an excuse to practice squatting.

Continue reading "Chair Yoga Pose"

Muscle Anatomy for Yoga

Improve your kinaesthetic awareness. Understanding some basic muscle anatomy for yoga, learn where to direct your senses and how to better control your muscles.

Continue reading "Muscle Anatomy for Yoga"

Hamstring Anatomy for Yoga

Hamstring Anatomy for yoga practitioners, focusing on backbending and forward bending of the hips with knees bent and straight.

Continue reading "Hamstring Anatomy for Yoga"

Yoga Hamstring Stretches

A selection of standing and seated yoga hamstring stretches, both gravity assisted and muscle assisted for improving hamstring flexibility. Sensational Yoga Poses.

Continue reading "Yoga Hamstring Stretches"

Yoga Hip Stretches

Yoga Hip stretches for improved hip and leg flexibility.

Continue reading "Yoga Hip Stretches"

Yoga Tree Pose

One of the challenges of yoga tree pose is staying balanced. Another challeng is that one side may be easier than the other.

Continue reading "Yoga Tree Pose"

Hamstring Yoga

Learn how the hamstrings can bend the knees and hips and stabilize them in hamstring yoga on sensational yoga poses.

Continue reading "Hamstring Yoga"

Side Plank Step-by-Step

Some simple steps for working towards side plank so that you can balance more easily and do it with a stabilized shoulder.

Continue reading "Side Plank Step-by-Step"

Shoulder Yoga

Shoulder yoga improves shoulder flexiblity and strength by focusing on shoulder and ribcage awareness while stretching or exercising the shoulders

Continue reading "Shoulder Yoga"

Rotator Cuff Exercises

These rotator cuff exercises can be done while standing or sitting and can be used as part of a warm up for a yoga class or any other activity where the arms are used.

Continue reading "Rotator Cuff Exercises"

Cobra Pose

To work towards cobra pose I use a series of poses to teach my students how to feel and activate their spinal erectors, intercostals, glute max and hamstrings.

Continue reading "Cobra Pose"

Wheel Pose for Beginners (video)

Here's a look at wheel pose and how you can make it easier to get your head off of the floor.

Continue reading "Wheel Pose for Beginners (video)"

Latest Headstand Videos

Some basic headstand preparation exercises plus tips on how to roll out of headstand and how to avoid a collapsed back when lifting your legs in headstand.

Continue reading "Latest Headstand Videos"

SI Joint Stability Exercises

The SI Joint could allow the sides of the pelvis to act somewhat like the shoulder blades. What are the muscles that then "shape the pelvis" and or stabilize it?

Continue reading "SI Joint Stability Exercises"